Last Updated: March 18, 2024
Author: Steve Ashwell

How to Play and Win at Blackjack

How to Play and Win at Blackjack

Blackjack, also referred to as 21, holds a prominent place in the non Gamstop casinos, beloved by novices and seasoned gamblers alike for its intriguing mix of skill, strategic thinking, and an element of chance.

This classic card game, found in casinos worldwide, offers more than just a chance for entertainment; it provides astute players with an opportunity to minimize the inherent house edge through strategic play.

The essence of blackjack lies in its simplicity paired with the depth of decision-making, making it both accessible to beginners and continually challenging for experienced players.

The allure of blackjack extends beyond its straightforward rules; it is a game where the player’s choices significantly impact the game’s outcome. Unlike many games of chance, blackjack allows players to influence their fate through calculated moves, an understanding of probabilities, and controlled betting.

This guide is designed not just to introduce the basic mechanics of blackjack but to delve deeper into the nuances of the game. It aims to arm players with a robust set of strategies that go beyond the basics, covering everything from fundamental gameplay to advanced techniques that can tilt the odds in your favour.

As we navigate through the rules, card values, and gameplay, this guide will also shed light on the strategic dimensions of blackjack. Whether your goal is to become proficient in the casual gaming environment or to develop skills for more competitive scenarios, understanding these strategies is key to elevating your game.

By the end of this guide, you will not only grasp the fundamental aspects of blackjack but also gain insights into how to outsmart the dealer and make informed decisions that can lead to greater success at the tables. Let’s embark on this journey to mastering the art of playing and winning at blackjack.

Understanding the Objective

In the game of blackjack, the ultimate objective is to outperform the dealer, a goal achieved through several key strategies. The primary target for players is to construct a hand whose value is closer to 21 than that of the dealer’s, but without going over 21, a state known as ‘busting’. It’s a delicate balance of risk and caution; exceeding 21 leads to an immediate loss, regardless of what the dealer holds.

One of the most coveted outcomes in blackjack is obtaining a ‘blackjack’, which is an Ace combined with any 10-value card (10, Jack, Queen, or King). This powerful hand automatically takes precedence over any other hand, offering a superior victory. It’s not just about forming any hand under 21; the art of blackjack lies in aiming for this optimal combination, which pays out more than a regular win.

Moreover, the game’s objective isn’t merely about the cards you’re dealt; it’s about making strategic decisions based on those cards. This includes knowing when to take more cards (hit), when to refrain from doing so (stand), and understanding the odds and risks associated with each decision.

Successfully managing these decisions, while keeping your hand value under 21, enhances your chances of not only avoiding a bust but also outpacing the dealer. This dynamic of decision-making against the dealer’s potential actions adds depth and excitement to the game, making blackjack a favourite among strategic-minded casino players.

Card Values

  • Numbered Cards (2-10): Valued at face value.
  • Face Cards (Jack, Queen, King): Each worth 10 points.
  • Ace: Counts as either 1 or 11, depending on which is more favourable for the hand.

The Gameplay

Initial Deal

In blackjack, the game begins with an initial deal where both the player and the dealer receive two cards. This initial hand sets the stage for the strategies and decisions to follow. For the player, the cards are typically dealt face up, providing complete information for their upcoming choices.

The dealer, on the other hand, receives one card face up (known as the ‘upcard’) and the other face down (the ‘hole card’). This asymmetry in information is a key aspect of blackjack, creating a sense of mystery and strategy around the dealer’s potential hand.

Player Decisions

After the initial deal, players are presented with several decision-making options, each impacting the game’s outcome:

  1. Hit: By choosing to hit, players request an additional card, aiming to improve their hand’s total value.
  2. Stand: Opting to stand means the player is satisfied with their hand and does not wish to take additional cards.
  3. Double Down: This option allows the player to double their initial bet, receive one more card, and then stand. It’s a move used when players feel they have a strong chance of winning with one more card.
  4. Split: If the initial hand consists of a pair, players can split it into two separate hands, placing a new bet equal to the original bet on the second hand. This move can potentially double the player’s opportunity to win.
  5. Surrender: Available in some variations of blackjack, surrendering allows a player to give up half of their bet and end the hand immediately. This option is typically chosen in situations where the likelihood of winning the hand is very low.

Dealer Play

The dealer’s play is more structured and follows the player’s decisions. The dealer must hit (take additional cards) until their hand totals at least 17. This rule adds a predictable element to the dealer’s play, allowing players to strategize based on the dealer’s upcard.


The game of blackjack has several possible outcomes based on the player’s and dealer’s hands:

  • Player Wins: If the player’s hand is closer to 21 than the dealer’s, or if the dealer busts, the player wins and receives a 1:1 payout – effectively doubling their bet.
  • Push (Tie): When the player’s and dealer’s hands have the same value, the game results in a push, leading to no win or loss. The player’s bet is returned.
  • Player Loses: The player loses their bet if their hand busts or if the dealer’s hand is closer to 21.
  • Blackjack: A natural blackjack, typically an Ace with a 10-value card, usually pays out at 3:2, though some casinos offer less favourable odds. This higher payout for a blackjack is a key element that players aim for.

Understanding these rules and options is crucial for any player looking to succeed in blackjack. Each decision made can significantly impact the game’s outcome, making knowledge and strategy paramount in this classic casino game.

Basic Strategy

The basic strategy in blackjack is a systematic approach based on mathematical probabilities. It offers the best course of action for any given hand, reducing the casino’s edge to a minimum. This strategy varies slightly depending on the rules of the blackjack game you are playing, but the core principles remain the same. Below is an expanded basic strategy guide that includes actions for soft hands (hands with an Ace counted as 11).

Basic Strategy Guide

Hard Totals (No Ace or Ace counts as 1)

Player HandDealer’s Upcard 2-6Dealer’s Upcard 7-Ace
8 or lessHitHit
9Double DownHit
10-11Double DownDouble Down if more than the dealer’s card
17 or moreStandStand

Soft Totals (Hand includes an Ace counted as 11)

Player HandDealer’s Upcard 2-6Dealer’s Upcard 7-Ace
Soft 13-15HitHit
Soft 16-18Double DownHit
Soft 19+StandStand


PairDealer’s Upcard 2-6Dealer’s Upcard 7-Ace
Aces & 8sAlways SplitAlways Split
2s, 3s, 7sSplitDo not Split
4sDo not SplitDo not Split
5sDouble DownHit
6sSplitDo not Split

Advanced Strategies

Card Counting

Card counting is a well-known, advanced blackjack strategy that can give players an edge over the casino. It involves keeping track of the high and low-value cards that have been played to estimate the likelihood of favourable cards being dealt next.

There are several systems for card counting, ranging from simple to complex, but all are based on the principle of tracking card values to predict future possibilities.

Bankroll Management

Effective bankroll management is crucial for long-term success in blackjack. It involves setting aside a specific amount of money for playing (your bankroll) and then determining the size of your bets.

A common strategy is to bet a small percentage of your bankroll on each hand, thus ensuring that you can withstand the natural fluctuations of the game without exhausting your funds.

Common Pitfalls to Avoid

  1. Avoid Insurance Bets: These bets are typically disadvantageous for the player, as they involve wagering on whether the dealer has a blackjack. Unless you are counting cards and have identified a favourable situation, it is generally advised to avoid these bets.
  2. Steer Clear of 6:5 Blackjack Tables: Some casinos offer payouts of 6:5 on blackjack instead of the traditional 3:2. This rule change significantly increases the house edge. Always look for tables that offer 3:2 payouts on blackjack.
  3. Avoid Emotional Decisions: Stick to the basic strategy, irrespective of past hands. Emotional decisions, such as chasing losses or deviating from the strategy after a string of bad hands, can lead to greater losses.

By mastering these strategies and being aware of common pitfalls, players can enhance their gameplay and improve their chances of winning at blackjack.


Mastering the game of blackjack requires more than just luck; it demands a combination of skill, strategic insight, and careful bankroll management. Adherence to the basic strategy plays a pivotal role in significantly reducing the house edge, offering players a solid foundation for successful play.

However, for those looking to elevate their game further, delving into advanced techniques such as card counting can be a game-changer. These sophisticated strategies can tilt the odds in your favour, transforming blackjack from a game of chance into one of skilful calculation.

It’s important to remember that the journey to becoming proficient at blackjack is a continuous one, involving constant practice and learning. As with any skill, regular and mindful practice is crucial. This includes not only playing the game but also studying game scenarios, understanding the nuances of different strategies, and learning to adapt to various game conditions.

Whether you’re playing casually or with more serious aspirations, staying disciplined, managing your bankroll wisely, and committing to ongoing education in the game’s strategies are key to achieving long-term success at the blackjack table. With dedication and the right approach, blackjack can be both an enjoyable and potentially rewarding endeavour.


What is the Best Basic Strategy for Beginners in Blackjack?

The best basic strategy for beginners is to follow a simple set of rules: Always hit if your hand totals 8 or less. For hands between 9 and 11, consider doubling down if your total is more than the dealer’s upcard. Stand if your hand totals 17 or more. For soft totals (hands with an Ace counted as 11) and pairs, refer to the basic strategy table for specific guidance.

Is Card Counting Illegal in Blackjack?

No, card counting is not illegal. It’s a strategy used to keep track of high and low-value cards to better predict the chances of favourable cards being dealt. While casinos may not welcome card counters and can ban them from playing, the practice itself is not against the law.

How Much of My Bankroll Should I Bet on Each Hand?

A common recommendation is to bet only a small percentage of your total bankroll on each hand, typically around 1-2%. This conservative betting strategy helps manage your funds effectively and withstand the natural fluctuations of the game.

Can I Always Win at Blackjack by Following Basic Strategy?

While following the basic strategy significantly reduces the house edge, it does not guarantee a win every time. Blackjack still involves an element of chance, and outcomes can vary in the short term. However, consistently following a basic strategy will improve your chances of winning in the long run.

Are 6:5 Blackjack Tables Worth Playing?

No, it’s generally recommended to avoid 6:5 blackjack tables as they significantly increase the house edge compared to the traditional 3:2 payout. Always look for tables that offer 3:2 payouts for blackjack to ensure better odds and a more favourable gaming experience.

Steve Ashwell

Hi, welcome to our website! My name is Steve Ashwell; I run these expert pages for UK gamblers. Here you find everything for A-quality pastime at the Best Non Gamstop Casinos.

I’m 37 years old British and work as a digital specialist. I spend a lot of time making things work. My job is partly about engineering and evaluation stuff. Also, I love gambling.

That’s why my team and I made that site. Here we collect all the knowledge about that industry, our experience and our learnings.

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